Bahu Begum Ka Maqbara

Bahu Begum Ka Maqbara
Vital Information for Visitors

Bahu Begum Ka Maqbara, 767, Maqbara Fatehganj Rd, Murawantola, Ram Nagar,Ayodhya (Faizabad), UP

Open & Close:

7:00 AM - 04:00 PM

Entry Fees:

No entry fee


1 hr


Historical buildings

Bahu Begum Ka Maqbara or Mausoleum of Bahu Begum or Tomb of Bahu Bagum is named after queen Begum Unmat-Uz-Zohra Bano who was also known as Bahu Begum. Her tomb was built in such a manner so that it may resemble Taj Mahal in Agra. Since it was also built of white marble, therefore, it is also known as “Taj Mahal of the East”. Unmat-Uz-Zohra was wife of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula and the tomb was built by his chief advisor Darab Ali Khan. Unmat-Uz-Zohra Bano, born in Persia (Iran) in a wealthy family, inherited an enormous amount of wealth from her parents. When her husband Nawab Shuja- ud- Daula lost the battle of Buxer against the British, Bahu Begum saved the kingdom by paying money to the British from her personal wealth. She was adept in politics and administration too. Her political and administrative skills could be seen after the demise of her husband. After untimely death of Nawab Shuja- ud- Daula, she continued to rule the state to secure the succession for her son Asaf-ud-Daula as a ‘Nawab’.

The Mausoleum of Bahu Begum has a height of 42m which includes storey in its structure. Bahu Begum Ka Maqbara has a large dome in the centre of the exterior building and many small domes in the whole building. Entrance of the Tomb of Bahu Bagum has a large and lofty gate. The grave of queen is on the ground floor which is inaccessible. There are halls and corridors on upper storey which can be reached by stairs. A pleasant and spectacular view of surrounding and Ayodhya can be seen from top of the tomb. The Mausoleum of Bahu Begum is a good example of Awadhi Architecture. Domes and walls of the mausoleum are decorated with some kind of artistic style. Twin fish motif on the walls can be seen there. There are fine designs in blue and white colours on the ceiling which has pale yellow colour. Stucco work on the ceiling of Bahu Begum Ka Maqbara can also be seen. There is an arched entrance to enter the halls inside tomb. Minarets like small structures can be seen on the corner of exterior ramparts of the monument. In short the monument expresses a lot about the royalty of Nawabs. Lot of greenery can be observed in its surroundings. Marbles of the monuments have survived the rigors of the time. The tomb is more than 200 years old and it is still shining. At that time the total cost of its construction was almost three lakh rupees.

Ayodhya is identified with Lord Ram, Ikshwaku Kul, Raghu Kul & Surya Vansh since time immemorial. During medieval & British colonial era, the city became the first capital of Nawabs of Awadh. Shuja-ud-Daula died in 1775 AD. After Nawab, during her time of rule too, the city was full of glory but the city of Faizabad, now again Ayodhya, gradually lost its glory & beauty when Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula shifted the capital from Faizabad to Lucknow.

Unmat-Uz-Zohra died in 1816 AD and was buried close by her residence Moti Mahal. Darab Ali laid the foundation of the mausoleum but he also died after few years. The remaining work of construction was done by Panah Ali and some of his companions. The Tomb of Bahu Begam is taller than her husband Shuja-ud-Daula’s tomb and, till now, it is the tallest building in the city. The historical monument, managed by Shia Board Committee Lucknow, is preserved by Archaeological Department of India.

It is not advisable to visit the Tomb of Bahu Begum during summer or rainy season. The city lies in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is better to visit during winter season - the months from October to March. It almost takes one hour to visit the whole monument. There is no entry fee applicable to visit the mausoleum. There are many tourist attractions in the vicinity of tomb of Bahu Begum. Major tourist attractions include Fort Calcutta, Moti Mahal, Gulab Bari, Shringi Rishi Ashram and Faizabad Museum. Fort Calcutta of Faizabad was built by Shuja-ud-Daula, after he was defeated by the British in 1764 AD in the Battle of Buxar.

Faizabad, now Ayodhya district, is easily reachable by any means of transport. The city itself has airport and railway station. Faizabad is at a distance of 6.5 km from Ayodhya town. From Lucknow almost 128 km and from Delhi it is at almost 680 km distance.

Faizabad (Ayodhya) is located on the banks of the River Ghagra, so one can go to river side to enjoy sunrise or sunset.

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