After breakfast in Delhi hotel, proceed on for a full-day guided sightseeing. First you will explore old Delhi. Old Delhi sightseeing which includes
Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Chandni Chowk, Raj Ghat & Akshardham Temple.
Red Fort, a masterpiece planned and executed by Shah Jahan, came into its present form in 1647. Now- a-days part of it is housed by Indian military. Prime Minister of India addresses the nation even today from the ramparts of Red Fort on Independence Day, August 15.
Built during 1644 and 1658, Jama Masjid emerges as an architectural gem out of a cluster that comprises Red Fort, Chandni Chowk and Shahjahanabad. Built in red sandstone with inlay works of marble, Jama Masjid is the last grand architectural creation of Shah Jahan. Being the largest mosque of India and having a collection of Muhammad's relics - the Koran written on deerskin, a red beard-hair of the prophet, his sandals and his footprints, implanted in a marble block, Jama Masjid of Delhi holds prominence among other mosques.
Chandni Chowk of Delhi is a unique market place which is one of the most prominent wholesale and retail markets of India. Chandni Chowk was conceptualized, designed and built by Jahanara, Shahjahan's daughter. It was built about more than 350 years before when Mughal Emperor Shahjahan, in order to consolidate his empire and quell frequent rebellions around Delhi, shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. The cluster comprising Red Fort, Jama Masjid and Chandni Chowk was known as Shahjahanabad.
Raj Ghat, where Mahatma Gandhi is commemorated, lies a short distance to the south. International leaders, including Eisenhower and Ho Chi Minh, have made pilgrimages to Raj Ghat and planted trees, which are labeled with their names. It is an enclosed garden, created to mark where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated and where his monument now stands. A simple, black marble platform indicates the precise site of the cremation; it bears the single Hindi word Rama (God), and a flame burns continuously in a lamp at its head. Every Friday, the day on which Gandhi was killed, a ceremony takes place here during which offering (puja) is made to his memory,
Akshardham Temple of New Delhi, a depiction of more than 10,000 years old India’s legacy of entwining beauty and spirituality in art and architectural creations, has been declared by the Guinness World Record as the World’s Largest Comprehensive Hindu Temple. It is a must- see tourist attraction.
After visiting Old Delhi, exploring characteristic narrow alleys of Chandni Chowk while having rickshaw ride, visiting Rajghat and Akshardham Temple, have lunch in a nice restaurant. Thereafter, proceed for visiting Parliament House, Presidential House, India Gate, Qutub Minar and Humayun's Tomb.
India Gate is a war memorial to commemorate the martyrdom of 70,000 Indian soldiers in World War-I, conceived and designed by Edwin Lutyens and built completely in 1931. Now, the Eternal Flame established here is commemorative of the supreme sacrifice done by Indian soldiers in the 1971 war with Pakistan.
One of the mammoth monument of British colonial regime, today's Rashtrapati Bhawan (President House) was erstwhile Viceregal Lodge, designed by
Edwin Luteyns, completed in 1929, inaugurated in 1931 with 340 rooms and sprawling over 130 hectares of land in the heart of Delhi.
Parliament House, known as Sansad Bhavan in Hindi, is again a masterpiece of colonial British era. Located on Parliament Street, almost adjacent to the Rashtrapati Bhawan, Sansad Bhawan is a circular building designed by the British architect Herbert Baker in 1912-13. The roof of the outer circle of the structure is supported by 257 granite pillars.
The most recognized insignia of Delhi, Qutub Minar was built by three kings Qutub-ud-din, Iltutmish and Ferozshah Tughlaq. World's tallest brick minaret, 72.5 meters high with the 12th century architecture, Qutub Minar was built on a hill known as Vishnupada. The place was a great ancient Hindu and Jain cultural centre with several temples. The Muslim invaders demolished them and with their rubles constructed Qutub Minar. As the inscription on the gate of Qutub Minar complex reads that 27 temples were destroyed. The importance of the place could be understood by a 7 m-high rust free iron pillar of 4th century, standing in the courtyard of the mosque. The iron pillar used to be called as 'Garunadhvaja'.
There are many buildings which impacted Shah Jahan to assimilate finer aspects of them into Taj Mahal. Humayun's Tomb probably tops among them. Built by Humayun's widow Haji Begum in 1565, Humayun's Tomb is the first mature representative of Mughal architecture in India and its architectural finesse later imbibed into many other famous monuments of Mughal era.
Having seen monuments and market of New Delhi, return to Delhi hotel for overnight stay